The smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata), also known as the wide sawfish, combshark, Florida sawfish, and common sawfish. A brown to bluish-grey colour on their dorsal side, they have a creamy underside, and that characteristic saw-like rostrum with 25 and 32 pairs of sharp teeth. They can use that saw to catch prey in two ways; to rake through the sand for crustaceans (like crabs and shrimps), and as a sword to slash through schools of shoaling fish to stun or wound individual fish. This mighty predator is also prey when it's younger... in fact, it's preyed upon by bigger sharks!
In its former range in the Atlantic Ocean, their range and population have shrunk due to fishing (trawl and inshore netting) pressure and habitat destruction or modification. In fact, some scientific studies think there has been a population reduction of ≥95% from 1962 till now. Whatever is left are small, fragmented populations in the Bahamas and parts of the United States. It is sometimes rarely seen in Honduras, Belize, Cuba, Sierra Leone, and possibly Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania. They can exist in both fresh and saltwater, and prefer muddy or sandy bottoms of shallow waters (no more than 120 metres deep).
These animals are viviparous and some have said they have a litter of about 15–20 pups born every other year, but there are little supporting data for this. In fact, there is little data for these animals at all- we don't even really know their total length (but scientists think it is about 760 cm)! Their average length is about 550cm and about 350 kg. The IUCN has assessed these animals as Critically Endangered (CE).
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