The Paddlenose spookfish, also known as the Paddlenose Chimaera, has been misidentified in Japan as the Pacific Spookfish (Rhinochimaera pacifica). In 1990 a species was described in southern Africa that was different from R. pacifica in Japan and Taiwan. Known as Rhinochimaera Africana, this is an all-black animal with a long, paddle-shaped snout with a tall dorsal fin with a short spine.
It has small eyes and reaches a maximum size of about 150 cm total length (TL). Like other chimaeras, the females tend to be bigger than males and mature at about 50 cm body length (BDL); males tend to sexually mature at 40-50 cm BDL.
They have a patchy distribution off southern Africa, northwest Australia and the Northwest Pacific area. Found on deepwater slopes and seamounts, they frequent depths of 450–1,450 m. There has only been a single Australian record taken (at 885–905 metres deep). Not much else is known about this animal; the IUCN has assessed these animals as Data Deficient (DD).
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